Network Configuration FreeBSD

General Information

Network configuration in FreeBSD can be a bit difficult because there are a few different text files to edit in order for your changes to be permanent. UGG Bottes Pas Cher ugg mini bailey button adidas nmd ugg pour homme nike internationalist timberland femme Hopefully this guide will clear some things up.


Requirements

  1. Local root access on the box or be able to su to root.
  2. A SSH client that supports ANSI colors such as puTTy or SecureCRT (if you aren’t on the box).
  3. Your favorite text editor (I like nano).

Configuration

I will first show you how to configure your network on-the-fly and then show you how to make the changes persistent.

IP Addresses

Before you can set your IP address you need to know which interface to modify. adidas en ligne nike air max 90 pas cher adidas stan smith pas cher asics pulse soldes chaussure timberland pas cher louboutin homme To do this, first run ifconfig(8) to see which interfaces you have.

 # ifconfig -a fxp0: flags=8943 mtu 1500 options=8 inet6 fe80::202:b3ff:fe07:9387%fxp0 prefixlen 64 scopeid 0x1 ether 00:02:b3:07:93:87 media: Ethernet autoselect (100baseTX ) status: active plip0: flags=108810 mtu 1500 lo0: flags=8049 mtu 16384 inet 127.0.0.1 netmask 0xff000000 inet6 ::1 prefixlen 128 inet6 fe80::1%lo0 prefixlen 64 scopeid 0x3 

In this example, I have fxp0 as my main interface. Chaussures Adidas bottes ugg pour homme new balance soldes adidas stan smith Pas Cher ugg australia classic timberland pas cher lo0 is the loopback so you don’t need to touch it. new balance homme asics gel lyte 5 air jordan 1 soldes Adidas Soldes asics pas cher Soldes Adidas Now here’s how to set the IP to 192.168.0.2 with a subnet mask of 255.255.255.0.

 # ifconfig fxp0 192.168.0.2 netmask 255.255.255.0 

Now when you view your interfaces, you will see something like this:

 # ifconfig -a fxp0: flags=8943 mtu 1500 options=8 inet 192.168.0.2 netmask 0xffffff00 broadcast 192.168.0.255 inet6 fe80::202:b3ff:fe07:9387%fxp0 prefixlen 64 scopeid 0x1 ether 00:02:b3:07:93:87 media: Ethernet autoselect (100baseTX ) status: active plip0: flags=108810 mtu 1500 lo0: flags=8049 mtu 16384 inet 127.0.0.1 netmask 0xff000000 inet6 ::1 prefixlen 128 inet6 fe80::1%lo0 prefixlen 64 scopeid 0x3 

You now have an IP address set, but if you want it set permanently, add it to your /etc/rc.conf:

 # echo 'ifconfig_fxp0="inet 192.168.0.254 netmask 255.255.255.0"' >> /etc/rc.conf 

Note: Be sure to change fxp0 to whatever your NIC is.

If you have multiple NICs that you want to use, just use the same procedure to add an address to their interface.

IP Aliases

If you have one NIC, but want it to listen on multiple IP addresses, you need to add aliases with a 32-bit mask.

 # ifconfig fxp0 alias 192.168.0.100 netmask 255.255.255.255 

Now if you look at your configuration you’ll see the additional IP.

 fxp0: flags=8943 mtu 1500 options=8 inet 192.168.0.2 netmask 0xffffff00 broadcast 192.168.0.255 inet6 fe80::202:b3ff:fe07:9387%fxp0 prefixlen 64 scopeid 0x1 inet 192.168.0.100 netmask 0xffffffff broadcast 192.168.0.100 ether 00:02:b3:07:93:87 media: Ethernet autoselect (100baseTX ) status: active plip0: flags=108810 mtu 1500 lo0: flags=8049 mtu 16384 inet 127.0.0.1 netmask 0xff000000 inet6 ::1 prefixlen 128 inet6 fe80::1%lo0 prefixlen 64 scopeid 0x3 

You now have an IP address alias set, but if you want it set permanently, add it to your /etc/rc.conf file:

 # echo 'ifconfig_fxp0_alias0="inet 192.168.0.100 netmask 255.255.255.255"' >> /etc/rc.conf 

Note: Be sure to change fxp0 to whatever your NIC is.

If your NIC is to have multiple aliases, in your /etc/rc.conf file increment alias0 for each additional alias. adidas yeezy boost chaussure tn pour homme timberland homme 2018 nike air max nike roshe run new balance mrl996 For example, if my NIC had two aliases, my /etc/rc.conf would look something like this:

 ifconfig_fxp0_alias0="inet 192.168.0.100 netmask 255.255.255.255" ifconfig_fxp0_alias1="inet 192.168.0.101 netmask 255.255.255.255" 

Default Gateway

In order to route any traffic, a default gateway needs to be set up.

 # route add default 192.168.0.1 

Note: Change 192.168.0.1 to whatever your default route should be.

To make this route persistent, add it to your /etc/rc.conf

 # echo 'defaultrouter="192.168.0.1"' >> /etc/rc.conf 

You can add more routes if you need to with route(8) and then view your routing table with netstat(8).

 # netstat -r 

DNS Servers

You DNS servers get added in /etc/resolv.conf.

 # nano -w /etc/resolv.conf nameserver 68.1.56.33 nameserver 68.1.56.34 

Additional Notes

Instead of adding all the information to /etc/rc.conf and running the commands to set the changes, you can just add all changes to /etc/rc.conf and then issue the following command to set your network parameters:

 # /etc/netstart 

Now your network is all set up.

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