NetBSD Diskless Installation

Introduction

Examples here use OpenBSD/sparc64 to provide DHCP, TFTP and NFS services for booting an x86 laptop in a diskless configuration.


Installation

As “root” on the server create the NetBSD distribution directories:

 mkdir -p /usr/export/client/NetBSD-2.0.2/installation mkdir /usr/export/client/NetBSD-2.0.2/binary 

Choose a local mirror service. adidas zx flux pas cher I used “ncftp” to download the release:

 # cd /usr/export/client/NetBSD-2.0.2/ # ncftp ftp.plig.org ftp] cd /pub/NetBSD/NetBSD-2.0.2/i386 ftp] mget -R * ftp] cd /pub/NetBSD/NetBSD-2.0.2/shared/ALL ftp] get misc.tgz ftp] get man.tgz ftp] exit 

Setup the NFS directories on the server:

 mkdir -p /usr/export/client/root/dev mkdir /usr/export/client/usr mkdir /usr/export/client/home touch /usr/export/client/swap 

The server “/etc/exports” file should read:

 /usr/export/client/root -maproot=root:wheel laptop.localnet /usr/export/client/swap -maproot=root:wheel laptop.localnet /usr/export/client/usr -maproot=nobody:nobody laptop.localnet /usr/export/client/home -maproot=nobody:nobody laptop.localnet 

Enable NFS and RPC on the server:

 # vi /etc/rc.conf nfs_server=YES portmap=YES 

Add the new host to the server’s “/etc/hosts” database:

 10.0.0.2 laptop.localnet laptop 

Setup the client filesystem:

 cd /usr/export/client/root tar -xvpzf /usr/export/client/NetBSD-2.0.2/binary/sets/base.tgz tar -xvpzf /usr/export/client/NetBSD-2.0.2/binary/sets/comp.tgz tar -xvpzf /usr/export/client/NetBSD-2.0.2/binary/sets/etc.tgz tar -xvpzf /usr/export/client/NetBSD-2.0.2/binary/sets/games.tgz tar -xvpzf /usr/export/client/NetBSD-2.0.2/man.tgz tar -xvpzf /usr/export/client/NetBSD-2.0.2/misc.tgz tar -xvpzf /usr/export/client/NetBSD-2.0.2/binary/sets/text.tgz tar -xvpzf /usr/export/client/NetBSD-2.0.2/binary/sets/xbase.tgz tar -xvpzf /usr/export/client/NetBSD-2.0.2/binary/sets/xcomp.tgz tar -xvpzf /usr/export/client/NetBSD-2.0.2/binary/sets/xetc.tgz tar -xvpzf /usr/export/client/NetBSD-2.0.2/binary/sets/xfont.tgz tar -xvpzf /usr/export/client/NetBSD-2.0.2/binary/sets/xserver.tgz mkdir /usr/export/client/root/kern mkdir /usr/export/client/root/swap mkdir /usr/export/client/root/home dd if=/dev/zero of=/usr/export/client/swap bs=4k count=40k cd /usr/export/client/root tar -xvpzf /usr/export/client/NetBSD-2.0.2/binary/sets/kern-GENERIC.tgz mknod /usr/export/client/root/dev/console c 0 0 

Edit the new NetBSD system’s configuration in “/usr/export/client/root/etc” dir:

“fstab” should read:

 10.0.0.1:/usr/export/client/swap none swap sw,nfsmntpt=/swap 10.0.0.1:/usr/export/client/root / nfs rw 0 0 10.0.0.1:/usr/export/client/usr /usr nfs rw 0 0 10.0.0.1:/usr/export/client/home /home nfs rw 0 0 

“ifconfig.fxp0” (replace fxp0 with your network card type):

 inet client netmask 255.255.255.0 broadcast 10.0.0.255 

“rc.conf” requires this addition:

 hostname="laptop" defaultroute="10.0.0.1" nfs_client=YES auto_ifconfig=NO net_interfaces="" 

The “hosts” database should be populated with your LAN settings:

 10.0.0.1 ultra5.localnet ultra5 10.0.0.2 laptop.localnet laptop 10.0.0.3 hppa.localnet hppa 10.0.0.4 unix.localnet unix 

“resolv.conf” requires setting:

 nameserver 192.168.1.1 

Move the new NetBSD “/usr” filesystem to the correct location:

 mv /usr/export/client/root/usr/* /usr/export/client/usr/ 

Enable TFTP service on the server:

 mkdir /tftpboot cp /usr/export/client/usr/mdec/pxeboot_ia32.bin /tftpboot/ 

 # vi /etc/rc.conf inetd=YES # vi /etc/inetd.conf tftp dgram udp wait root /usr/libexec/tftpd tftpd -s /tftpboot 

Enable DHCP service on the server:

 # vi /etc/rc.conf dhcpd_flags="-q" 

Edit the server’s “/etc/dhcpd.interfaces” file:

 fxp0 

Edit the server’s “/etc/dhcpd.conf” file:

 deny unknown-clients; allow bootp; subnet 10.0.0.0 netmask 255.255.255.0 { } group { option broadcast-address 10.0.0.255; option domain-name "localnet"; option domain-name-servers 192.168.1.1; option subnet-mask 255.255.255.0; host laptop.localnet { hardware ethernet 00:00:f0:79:0b:0e; # ***Replace above with your client MAC*** fixed-address 10.0.0.2; option host-name "laptop"; filename "pxeboot_ia32.bin"; next-server 10.0.0.1; option root-path "/usr/export/client/root"; } } 

I’ve had to rename the netbsd kernel file to “pxeboot_ia32.bin” to get the host to boot.

Although the above DHCPd configuration is far from perfect, It Seems To Work ™.

 cp /usr/export/client/root/netbsd /usr/export/client/root/pxeboot_ia32.bin 

Remove the NetBSD release files in the “/usr/export/client” dir.

 rm -rf /usr/export/client/NetBSD-2.0.2 

The server configuration is now comlete. cheap ffxiv gil asics france timberland pas cher Reboot the OpenBSD/sparc64 to let config changes take effect. On the laptop, I hit [F12] to launch netbooting procedures.

Upon first boot – the system should load single-user. timberland homme adidas superstar pas cher Hit return for a shell:

 cd /dev /bin/sh MAKEDEV all mount -a 

 # vi /etc/rc.conf rc_configured=YES # exit 

Login as “root” and change the administrator’s password:

 passwd root 

Perform any system configuration required as described in the NetBSD Guide. nike pas cher nike air max thea Basic setup is described in chapter five and six.

Configure startup:

 # vi /etc/inetd.conf inetd=NO wscons=YES sendmail=NO 

Set keyboard encoding:

 # vi /etc/wscons.conf encoding=uk 

Add a user account:

 useradd -m -G wheel swm passwd swm reboot 

Install PkgSrc:

 ftp ftp://ftp.plig.org/pub/NetBSD/packages/pkgsrc.tar.gz mv pkgsrc.tar.gz /usr cd usr tar -xvzf pkgsrc.tar.gz 

Install some software:

 cd /usr/pkgsrc/wm/windowmaker make install make clean clean-depends cd /usr/pkgsrc/www/firefox make install make clean clean-depends vi /etc/X11R6/lib/X11/xdm/Xsession 

[near the end of this file, change “exec xsm” to “exec wmaker”]

 # vi /etc/rc.conf xdm=YES 

Configure X11 (using xf86cfg). adidas femme My Samsung V20 laptop (i845G) required:

 Section "ServerLayout" Identifier "XFree86 Configured" Screen 0 "Screen0" 0 0 InputDevice "Mouse0" "CorePointer" InputDevice "Keyboard0" "CoreKeyboard" EndSection Section "Files" RgbPath "/usr/X11R6/lib/X11/rgb" ModulePath "/usr/X11R6/lib/modules" FontPath "/usr/X11R6/lib/X11/fonts/misc/" FontPath "/usr/X11R6/lib/X11/fonts/Speedo/" FontPath "/usr/X11R6/lib/X11/fonts/Type1/" FontPath "/usr/X11R6/lib/X11/fonts/CID/" FontPath "/usr/X11R6/lib/X11/fonts/75dpi/" FontPath "/usr/X11R6/lib/X11/fonts/100dpi/" EndSection Section "Module" Load "dbe" Load "extmod" Load "glx" Load "record" Load "xtrap" Load "speedo" Load "type1" EndSection Section "InputDevice" Identifier "Keyboard0" Driver "keyboard" Option "XkbRules" "xfree86" Option "XkbModel" "pc105" Option "XkbLayout" "gb" EndSection Section "InputDevice" Identifier "Mouse0" Driver "mouse" Option "Protocol" "wsmouse" Option "Device" "/dev/wsmouse" EndSection Section "Monitor" Identifier "Monitor0" VendorName "Monitor Vendor" ModelName "Monitor Model" HorizSync 31.5 - 57.0 VertRefresh 50.0 - 90.0 EndSection Section "Device" ### Available Driver options are:- ### Values: : integer, : float, : "True"/"False", ### : "String", : " Hz/kHz/MHz" ### [arg]: arg optional #Option "NoAccel" # [] #Option "SWcursor" # [] #Option "ColorKey" #  #Option "CacheLines" #  #Option "Dac6Bit" # [] #Option "DRI" # [] #Option "NoDDC" # [] #Option "ShowCache" # [] #Option "XvMCSurfaces" #  Identifier "Card0" Driver "i810" VendorName "Intel Corp." BoardName "82845G/GL [Brookdale-G] Chipset Integrated Graphics Device" ChipSet "845G" BusID "PCI:0:2:0" EndSection Section "Screen" Identifier "Screen0" Device "Card0" Monitor "Monitor0" SubSection "Display" Depth 1 EndSubSection SubSection "Display" Depth 4 EndSubSection SubSection "Display" Depth 8 EndSubSection SubSection "Display" Depth 15 EndSubSection SubSection "Display" Depth 16 EndSubSection SubSection "Display" Depth 24 EndSubSection EndSection 

Once completed – the disks looks like this:

 # df -h Filesystem Size Used Avail Capacity Mounted on 10.0.0.1:/usr/export/client/root 5.7G 1.5G 4.0G 27% / 10.0.0.1:/usr/export/client/usr 5.7G 1.5G 4.0G 27% /usr 10.0.0.1:/usr/export/client/home 5.7G 1.5G 4.0G 27% /home 10.0.0.1:/usr/export/client/swap 5.7G 1.5G 4.0G 27% /swap # mount 10.0.0.1:/usr/export/client/root on / type nfs 10.0.0.1:/usr/export/client/usr on /usr type nfs 10.0.0.1:/usr/export/client/home on /home type nfs 10.0.0.1:/usr/export/client/swap on /swap type nfs # dmesg NetBSD 2.0.2 (GENERIC) #0: Wed Mar 23 08:53:42 UTC 2005 jmc@faith.netbsd.org:/home/builds/ab/netbsd-2-0-2-RELEASE/i386/200503220140Z-obj /home/builds/ab/netbsd-2-0-2-RELEASE/src/sys/arch/i386/compile/GENERIC total memory = 246 MB avail memory = 234 MB BIOS32 rev. adidas superstar Adidas Superstar 0 found at 0xfd780 mainbus0 (root) cpu0 at mainbus0: (uniprocessor) cpu0: Intel Pentium 4 (686-class), 1994.22 MHz, id 0xf27 cpu0: features bfebf9ff cpu0: features bfebf9ff cpu0: features bfebf9ff cpu0: I-cache 12K uOp cache 8-way, D-cache 8 KB 64B/line 4-way cpu0: L2 cache 512 KB 64B/line 8-way cpu0: ITLB 4K/4M: 128 entries cpu0: DTLB 4K/4M: 64 entries cpu0: 16 page colors pci0 at mainbus0 bus 0: configuration mode 1 pci0: i/o space, memory space enabled, rd/line, rd/mult, wr/inv ok pchb0 at pci0 dev 0 function 0 pchb0: Intel 82845G/GL DRAM Controller / Host-Hub I/F Bridge (rev.  nike air max soldes adidas pas cher bottes timberland new balance pas cher 0x01) agp0 at pchb0: detected 8060k stolen memory agp0: aperture at 0x88000000, size 0x8000000 vga1 at pci0 dev 2 function 0: Intel 82845G/GL Integrated Graphics Device (rev. asics soldes 0x01) wsdisplay0 at vga1 kbdmux 1: console (80x25, vt100 emulation) wsmux1: connecting to wsdisplay0 uhci0 at pci0 dev 29 function 0: Intel 82801DB/DBM USB UHCI Controller #1 (rev. new balance femme Soldes 2017 Asics 0x01) uhci0: interrupting at irq 10 usb0 at uhci0: USB revision 1.0 uhub0 at usb0 uhub0: Intel UHCI root hub, class 9/0, rev 1.00/1.00, addr 1 uhub0: 2 ports with 2 removable, self powered uhci1 at pci0 dev 29 function 1: Intel 82801DB/DBM USB UHCI Controller #2 (rev. nike air max 2017 adidas zx flux pas cher 0x01) uhci1: interrupting at irq 11 usb1 at uhci1: USB revision 1.0 uhub1 at usb1 uhub1: Intel UHCI root hub, class 9/0, rev 1.00/1.00, addr 1 uhub1: 2 ports with 2 removable, self powered uhci2 at pci0 dev 29 function 2: Intel 82801DB/DBM USB UHCI Controller #3 (rev. new balance femme louboutin chaussures 0x01) uhci2: interrupting at irq 5 usb2 at uhci2: USB revision 1.0 uhub2 at usb2 uhub2: Intel UHCI root hub, class 9/0, rev 1.00/1.00, addr 1 uhub2: 2 ports with 2 removable, self powered ehci0 at pci0 dev 29 function 7: Intel 82801DB/DBM USB EHCI Controller (rev. asics kinsei timberland soldes hommes 0x01) ehci0: interrupting at irq 11 ehci0: EHCI version 1.0 ehci0: companion controllers, 2 ports each: uhci0 uhci1 uhci2 usb3 at ehci0: USB revision 2.0 uhub3 at usb3 uhub3: Intel EHCI root hub, class 9/0, rev 2.00/1.00, addr 1 uhub3: 6 ports with 6 removable, self powered ppb0 at pci0 dev 30 function 0: Intel 82801BA Hub-to-PCI Bridge (rev. nike flyknit lunar nike air max 1 pas cher 0x81) pci1 at ppb0 bus 2 pci1: i/o space, memory space enabled cbb0 at pci1 dev 3 function 0: Ricoh 5C475 PCI-CardBus bridge (rev.  Soldes Chaussures Adidas ugg soldes 2017 new balance running 0x80) fxp0 at pci1 dev 8 function 0: Intel PRO/100 VE Network Controller with 82562ET/EZ PHY, rev 129 fxp0: interrupting at irq 11 fxp0: Ethernet address 00:00:f0:79:0b:0e inphy0 at fxp0 phy 1: i82562ET 10/100 media interface, rev.  timberland earthkeepers bottes new balance gris asics pas cher 0 inphy0: 10baseT, 10baseT-FDX, 100baseTX, 100baseTX-FDX, auto cbb0: interrupting at irq 10 cardslot0 at cbb0 slot 0 flags 0 cardbus0 at cardslot0: bus 3 device 0 pcmcia0 at cardslot0 pcib0 at pci0 dev 31 function 0 pcib0: Intel 82801DB LPC Interface Bridge (rev. adidas gazelle soldes 0x01) piixide0 at pci0 dev 31 function 1 piixide0: Intel 82801DB IDE Controller (ICH4) (rev. 

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