Installing Applications FreeBSD

General Information

Coming from a Linux or Windows background, many people begin to wonder where to get and how to install applications on FreeBSD. chaussure timberland pas cher Well, with FreeBSD most applications can be installed from the Internet so you don’t have to find the tarballs. ugg australia pas cher There are two different installation methods to choose from and they both do a great job dealing with dependancies.


Requirements

  • Local root access on the box or be able to su to root.
  • A SSH client that supports ANSI colors such as puTTy or SecureCRT (if you aren’t on the box).
  • Internet Access.


Ports

The ports tree is a collection of useful programs that have been ported to FreeBSD. nike sb These are not the binary packages, but the source to compile from. asics gel lyte 3 soldes timberland 2017 The advantage of ports is that you can compile a program tailored to your system, as apposed to somebody else’s.

Installation

When users first install FreeBSD, many of them forget to install the ports tree. Asics 2017 basket nike tn soldes This is probably because they are new to the system and didn’t know what the ports tree was. Install the ports tree if you haven’t yet.

 /stand/sysinstall 

Select Configure -> Distributions -> Ports. timberland pas cher ugg pas cher nike soldes Select OK and then the installation media you wish to use. new balance 574 air jordan pour homme pas cher new balance homme I used the installation CD. asics soldes Once your ports tree is installed, exit sysinstall and portsnap your tree to make sure it’s up-to-date.

Usage

The ports tree is located at /usr/ports and it is organized by category/port. asics gel nimbus Soldes Chaussures Adidas For instance, you will find Apache2 located in /usr/ports/www/apache2. If you know what you want to install but you don’t know where it’s located in the ports tree, you can issue:

 cd /usr/ports make search name=port name 

For example, say I want to install nmap but I don’t know where it’s at. asics gel kayano All I have to do is the following:

 # cd /usr/ports # make search name=nmap Port: nmap-3.75 Path: /usr/ports/security/nmap Info: Port scanning utility for large networks Maint: eik at FreeBSD dot org B-deps: openssl-0.9.7e_1 pcre-5.0 R-deps: openssl-0.9.7e_1 pcre-5.0 Port: nmapfe-3.75 Path: /usr/ports/security/nmapfe Info: GUI frontend for the nmap scanning utility Maint: eik at FreeBSD dot org B-deps: XFree86-libraries-4.4.0_2 expat-1.95.8 fontconfig-2.2.3,1 freetype2-2.1.7_3 gettext-0.13.1_1 glib-1.2.10_11 gtk-1.2.10_12 imake-4.4.0 libiconv-1.9.2_1 perl-5.6.1_15 pkgconfig-0.15.0_1 R-deps: XFree86-libraries-4.4.0_2 expat-1.95.8 fontconfig-2.2.3,1 freetype2-2.1.7_3 gettext-0.13.1_1 glib-1.2.10_11 gtk-1.2.10_12 imake-4.4.0 libiconv-1.9.2_1 nmap-3.75 openssl-0.9.7e_1 pcre-5.0 perl-5.6.1_15 pkgconfig-0.15.0_1 

Ah, there it is in /usr/ports/security/nmap and now I can install it. ugg bottes nike air max pas cher nike sb Once you know what you want to install and where it’s located, let’s install it.

 cd /usr/ports/security/nmap make install clean 

make simply compiles the program from source. nike free install tells make to install the package after it’s compiled. Finally, clean tells make to clean up after itself as it creates files and directories during the compiling process. nike air huarache soldes If there are missing dependancies, make will also grab and install them.

Note: An alternate is to run make install distclean that will delete the downloaded tarball located in /usr/ports/distfiles after it cleans up. asics gel kinsei This is to save your disk space.

Note: You can compile various ports with additional configuration options so it is a good idea to read the Makefile before you install the port.

That’s all there is to it. You will see a lot of compiling text scroll by and eventually your command prompt will return to you. nike air max 2014 At that time, you will know your package was installed and is ready to be used.

Now you can just as easily uninstall your application, say nmap, using the ports tree.

 cd /usr/ports/security/nmap make deinstall clean 

nmap is now removed from your system.


Packages

FreeBSD packages are the binary versions of the ports. nike air max thea adidas zx flux pas cher asics gel kinsei This means somebody precompiled the application and so the installation goes by a lot quicker. nike air max command ugg bottes There is no waiting for it to compile on your own system — it just gets installed. This also means you cannot add or remove any special compiling options for the package, such as qmail.

Usage

Installation and removal is quite simple. To install a package, say nmap, and grab the tarball from the Internet you would just issue:

 pkg_add -r nmap 

The -r tells pkg_add to grab nmap from a remote location. It will do just that: grab the tarball from a remote site, unpackage it, and install it. ugg pas cher If there are any missing dependancies, pkg_add will grab those as well.

Now, if you are wanting to uninstall a package you once installed, say nmap, you will have to issue:

 pkg_delete nmap-3.75 

Note: You must specify the package with the version number as it appears in pkg_info(1) otherwise it will not be removed.

That’s all there is to it. adidas superstar Pick a method and start installing your favorite applications. ugg classic mini I personally like using the ports tree over packages because there is more control with that method.

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